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Coming soon: serving (dynamic) CMS content through a CDN

Copied from https://getpop.org/en/blog/coming-soon-serving-dynamic-cms-content-through-a-cdn/.

We have started working on a feature which has us very excited: making all (dynamic) content in the website immutable, or “static”, so that it can be served through a CDN. Once implemented, visitors will be mainly accessing the website through a CDN, and only when posting content, or fetching personal data, they will access the server.

This development has the following advantages:

  • It lowers down the cost of operating a website, since a single small server is possibly enough to generate the static content and process the POST operations (assuming that reading activity in the website is much greater than writing activity)
  • It makes the website faster, since content is served from a location near the user
  • The content is still created dynamically, through a CDN. The static version is only generated on runtime. So, there is no need to replace the CMS with a static site generator

How will it work? As explained on the GitHub issue:

After loading the initial app-shell (which loads all .js and .css files, and outputs some configuration), the website solely operates by doing JSON requests. This is done by simply adding parameter output=json to the URL to load, eg:

https://getpop.org/en/?output=json

This JSON output is mutable, since it contains dynamic content, such as posts, users’ data, etc. However, it can be made immutable, or static, simply by adding a “thumbprint”, i.e. a number to express the last time any value was inserted/updated/deleted (eg: a post was created, a comment was added, a user changed his/her name, etc), like this:

https://getpop.org/en/?output=json&thumbprint=3452223554222

The addition of the thumbprint allows the content to become static, because if content has been updated, a new “latest thumbprint” will be generated, and this new value will be added as a parameter to all JSON requests. In order to always get the latest thumbprint, a process in background must always get this value from the server, either every x amount of time (such as is currently done to fetch the notifications), or through WebSockets.

The thumbprint is hidden to the user: it is added in runtime, after the user has clicked on a link. After the thumbprint has been added to the requested URL, the request can be routed through a CDN instead of going straight to the server. This way, dynamic content will have become static and delivered to the client from a location near the user:

  1. The user clicks on https://getpop.org/en/
  2. PoP modifies the URL to be requested, adding the thumbprint (and output=json), and changing the domain pointing to the CDN: https://cdn.getpop.org/en/?output=json&thumbprint=3452223554222
  3. The CDN, if it doesn’t have this entry, will fetch it from https://getpop.org/en/?output=json&thumbprint=3452223554222
  4. The server gives the response
  5. The CDN caches the response, and returns it to the client
  6. Next time a user clicks on https://getpop.org/en/, if the thumbprint has not changed, then this content will be fetched from the CDN

We expect to have this feature ready around second week of April.

PoP now allows users to open their previous session tabs

Announcement of new feature, copied from the PoP blog.

PoP uses its own tabs to switch among all pages opened by the user. PoP has now a new feature, which offers the user to re-open all tabs opened in the previous session, by displaying a message box at the footer of the page:

Reopen previous session tabs?

For users browsing the website with Chrome or Firefox, this feature is combined with PoP’s progressive web app capabilities, through which all previously loaded pages are cached in the browser, so they will open instantly, and can be viewed even if the user is offline.

To test it, click to open several pages in this current website and then reload the website in the browser… Enjoy!